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Fernleaf Buckthorn

Scientific Name

Rhamnus frangula 'Asplenifolia'

Origin

Originates from species native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.  Has become naturalized in the eastern U.S. and is quite invasive.

Habitat

Does best in moist, rich, well drained soils. Can tolerate poor soils as long as they have adequate drainage.  Needs full sun to partial shade.  Primarily found in bogs, marshes, wetlands and along riverbanks, but can do well in drier areas. 

Growth Nature

  • A large deciduous shrub which can grow to a height of 10 to12 ft. with a spread of 6 to 10 ft.  Has a vase shaped habit and becomes more rounded with age.  

Points of Interest

  • Considered an invasive species throughout most of the southeastern U.S.

  • Forms thickets in forests and in yards that tend to displace native plants and wildlife habitat.

  • Was first brought to the U.S. in the mid-1800ís.

  •  Showy fruit berry-like drupes.  The berries change from green to red to a purplish-black over time.  Birds feed on the berries, however they are poisonous to humans.

  • Both male and female plants exist in this species.